Casa Romano-Chineza si Ambasada Republicii Populare Chineze au invitat, cu sprijinul grupului de firme Niro Investment, pentru a celebra Anul Nou Chinezesc 2016, 17 mesteri populari din Tianjin.
Acestia vor avea reprezentatii si interactiuni cu publicul in zilele de
– 4 februarie la Scoala Internationala Bucuresti;
– 5 februarie, la Muzeul Taranului Roman si in timpul Galei organizate de Casa Romano-Chineze cu ocazia Anului Maimutei;
– 6 februarie la Complexul Comercial Dragonul Rosu.
1. Modelarea Aluatului
2. Tehnica de fabricare a zmeelor
3. Arta miniaturala Mao Hou
4. Kirigami, arta decuparii hartiei
5. Modelarea si pictarea figurinelor din lut
6. Pictarea pe lemn a traditiilor de an nou
7. Sculptura in dovleac Gourd
8. Impletitura din paie de orez si rachita
9. Confectionarea Imbracamintiei si incaltamintei traditionale chinezesti vechi
10. Arta Broderiei chinezesti
11. Picturi realizate din Paie de orez
12. Arta realizarii pamatufurilor din pene
13. Confectionarea lampioanelor chinezesti
14. Aromoterapia chinezeasca, Yidecheng
In order to propagandize the excellent Chinese traditional culture to the world, exhibit the exquisite Chinese folk art, make foreign friends t understanding the great Chinese dream of two hundred years, enhance the friendship between the Chinese people and Romania, ee decide to organize the Tianjin folk art delegation which were composed of 14 folk art projects, to visit Romania for display, performance and interactive activities.
- Dough modelling, also called “mould dough man”, was recorded early in the Han Dynasty, it has developed for thousands of years. Artist Yajie Zhang, his art of dough modelling can be categorized into two kinds: true-life and cartoon style. Their subjects include court ladies, fairy tales and ethnic minorities.
- Kites, also called “harrier” in the ancient time. The Northman called it kite, it has many different meanings: someone said it was a military tool, someone else said it was a tool for physical exercises. Kite Wei originated in 1892, it has developed for more than 100 years. It won the Gold Prize at the Panama World Expo in 1915. It was included in the national non-material cultural heritages. Artist Guoqiu Wei is the 4th successor of Kite Wei. He won the the Prize of “Passing the torch” as the 3rd Chinese non-material cultural heritage successor, he also won many other prizes.
- Mao Hou: A man decided to shape a bookkeeper by the traditional Chinese medicines. By working hard, an image like monkey and man appeared. Many people told him that it like the bookkeeper. Therefore, it became the first Mao Hou in the world. Artist Jinsheng Ren inherits the ancestors’ tradition and make innovations. He shows the real life in the form of traditional art.
- Kirigami is also called “paper carvings”, it’s a hollow art. It’s one of the most ancient folk art in China. The most typical is Jiangping Kirigami in Shanxi Province. Artist Guifang Hao kirigami’s combines the feature of the southern and the northern kirigami, so she invented a new artistic style.
- Tianjin colour clay Zhang it’s a folk art originated in the Qing Dynasty. Its inventor was Mr. Mingshan Zhang. It has developed for 170 years. Artist Changsheng Fu, as a Tianjin folk artist, is the first grade artist. He was engaged in sculpture for more than 40 years. His works show the rural life and characters in a realistic way. His many works were collected by the Chinese Art Museum.
- Yangliuqing New Year Wood-block Prints originated in the Ming Dynasty. For Yangliuqing was rich in Pyrus betulaefolia (a kind of pearwood) which is suitable for engraving so the local people engraved Door God, Kitchen God and Zhong Kui on it. During the period of Yong Le of the Ming Dynasty, with the rise of south-north transportation and water transport of grain to the capital, Yangliu Qing became an important collecting and distributing center for commodities and cultural arts connecting South and North China. With the prosperity of business and culture, Yangliuqing New Year Wood-block Prints headed for prosperity to the extent that “every household is good at painting and knows how to add details to a painting.” The unprecedented prosperity of Yangliuqing New Year Wood-block Prints even influenced many domestic schools of new year wood-block prints at that time. Artist Huo Qingshun was born in 1950 in Yangliuqing. His family had the tradition of making New Year wood-block prints. He was one of the sixth-generation Successors of the time-honored “Yuchenghao Studio” in Yangliuqing. He was highly skilled at painting. He inherited and also developed traditional New Year wood-block prints.
- In China, the specially-shaped-and-printed gourd art has a long history. The earliest specially-shaped-and-printed gourd is the “Tangbacheng Gourd Ladle” housed by Japanese Imperial. The specially-shaped-and-printed gourd art saw its peak in Kangxi-Qianlong Period in Qing Dynasty. Artist Huang Quanhua, born in 1957, loved articles for amusement, playing birds and crickets and collecting gourds. Meanwhile, now he has applied to the State General Administration of Trademarks for the trademarks of “Quanhua Gourd Art and “Quan.” He wants to build his gourds into a well-accepted brand.
- The straw/wicker plaiting was handed down by Sun Shian of Sunzhuangzi Village of Jingwu Town. It was first used to fabricate straw hats so it was of high practical value. The straw hats was invented in the agrarian age and made of water plants and mat grass. Artist Sun Shian, successor of the art, was born in 1955. He was able to weave hats of tens of patterns with aeluropus sinensis since his boyhood. He went to Africa to introduce this art with Tianjin Non-material Culture Heritage Center.
- In the 1930s and 1940s, Laomeihua was specialized in customizing cheongsam, mandarin jacket and embroidered skirt for performers, well-known persons and Miss and Mrs. It paid attention to every detail in the process of design, tailoring and sewing. For example, “observe the figure” before measuring it so as to have a well-thought-out plan. Draw the plan on paper before tailoring so as to adjust the measured sizes to the best. The workmanship features traditional handicraft. Artist Liu Yanru was an apprentice in Jinhua Garment Factory in 1981 and transferred to Laomeihua in 1995 and now is the vice general manager of Laomeihua Shoes and Clothes Co., Ltd. From 1996 to now, he has always been the manager of Laomeihua Clothing Workshop, responsible for the Jin-school cheongsam fabrication. She is also the third-generation successor of the traditional craftsmanship of Jin-school cheongsam fabrication.
- Huifuyuan Jixiang Patchwork has a history of more than 160 years since the year of 1853. Till now it has witnessed five generations. Artist, the fourth-generation successor Ma Yuzhen inherits traditional patchwork craftsmanship. She is highly skilled and incorporates the cloth cutwork which features strong expression into it.
- The wheat straw painting was handed by Liu Baokun (1861~1930) to his daughter Liu Yude (1886~1956) who handed it down to her grandson Wang Tianqing who is the third-generation successor of this art. Wang Tianqing is also member of China Folk Society, vice chairman of Flower Special Committee of Tianjin Folk Society and lifelong consultant of China International Artist Society. Now this art is handed down to the fourth-generation successor Wang Zeli who is member of Tianjin Folk Society and China National Arts and Crafts Society. Now, the wheat straw painting has a history of one hundred and fifty-four years. Artist Wang Tianqing is the third-generation successor of Tianjin Wheat Straw Painting.
- Feather duster has a history of thousands of years in China since the Xia Dynasty. Lots of folk stories are told about feather duster and its implications because it was an essential everyday article in the past. Artist Cai Xuebin, nicknamed Xuean, graduated from the Department of Cloth Dyeing of Tianjin Fine Arts Institute and learned after Tianjin calligraphy engraver Lan Yuan and Painter Huang Yunshi. He is the fifth-generation successor of the Cai’s Tribute Duster.
- Festival lantern, also known as fancy lantern, is an ancient folk handicraft in China. This art originated in everyday lighting, became popular in Han Dynasty and reached the peak in Tang Dynasty. In the long history, palace lantern and folk festival lantern supplemented and kept abreast of each other. Artist Zhou Rongbin, nicknamed Dragon Lantern Zhou, was born in 1946 in Tianjin and the third-generation successor of the Zhou’s Palace Lantern. His family has a history of over150 years of making the lanterns. He has inherited the traditional skills and developed new products. He is influential in the world of palace lantern. His works are of high values of collection and art and used to be praised by Aisin Gioro Fuzuo. Zhou Rongbin has been honored as folk artist by International Folk Art Organization of UNESCO and Chinese Literary Federation.
- Yidecheng Sniffing Medicine. Sniffing medicine is a treatment means applied by traditional Chinese medicine. Sniffing is a means of treatment, disease prevention and health care of traditional Chinese medicine. Sniffing medicine is of varied colors, such as black purple, old yellow and bright yellow. It smells thick, spicy and tempting. Sniffing medicine is able to refresh mind, remove tiredness, avoid plague and invigorate the circulation of blood. Artist Ma Weidong (1955~now), Han People, was born in Tianjin. He formally acknowledged the fifth-generation successor as his teacher in 1980 and began restoring Yidecheng Sniffing Medicine which has been stopped for about forty years. He has been engaged in traditional Chinese medicine for about forty years.
14. 闻药是传统中医药的一种治疗手段。鼻腔吸闻是中国传统医学中治疗、防病、保健的一种方法。 马卫东（1955年-今），男，汉族，天津生人。80年拜第五代传人为师，开始恢复经营中断了近40年的益德成闻药（鼻烟）。从事传统医药行业近四十年。